A pretty little Argentinian field roach in the family Blattellidae. We have these guys in the US, too, but you won’t find them infesting your kitchen. These guys stay outside and feed mostly on flowers. Unlike many roaches, they are diurnal (active during the day), and frequent flowered fields and clearings. Roaches have always been the bug that freaks me the heck out, but apparently I’m fine with them so long as they stay out doors. Although there are over 4000 known species of roaches only 7 of them are considered severe pests. Most ‘wild’ roaches inhabit environments away from interactions with humans.
An easy way to distinguish roaches (order Blattodea) from other insects is the large, shield-like pronotum, which is often expanded to cover most of the head. The pronotum is the upper surface of the insect’s prothorax: in this case the large, yellow-bordered ‘plate’ just behind the head. This character is distinct even on wingless roaches, such as juveniles or the Madagascar hissing cockroach.
Entomology is fun. As I experienced in Argentina, the reaction of a group of entomologists, on seeing cockroaches on the walls outside a restaurant, is to pause and discuss the species of the roach before heading on in to dinner. Most normal human beings consider this atypical behavior. Of course, there are levels of eccentricty, even within the field. For example, my labmate Paul and I took a break between courses to head back out and take photos. (These may show up here later. Are you excited?)
And then Paul (an avid collector) surpassed us all by sticking a few in a ziplock bag where they remained in his pocket during dinner. Appetizing!